Monthly Archives: January 2013

From Days Gone By, Part 1

The First German Church A little church in Wilna, a larger city near Wylkowiszki, was the site of the first German church in Lithuania in which German services were held. As the story goes, when Napoleon came through Wilna, he … Continue reading

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The Salzburgers

One of the religious/political controversies resulting from the 16th century Protestant Reformation and subsequent Roman Catholic Counter-Reformation involved a group of people who came to be known historically as “The Salzburgers.” The Salzburger Protestants were driven out of their homeland … Continue reading

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Cultural Interactions between Germans and Lithuanians

Germans in Germany had various perceptions regarding Lithuania and its Germans. Up until World War I there was little knowledge about the structure of the people who lived in the Baltic provinces, even by German military officers. Baltic-Germans were considered … Continue reading

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Introduction to the German Perspective

Introduction Before 1772 Prussia was a region which consisted of what was later known as East Prussia with the capital at Koenigsberg, today Kaliningrad, Russia. Prussia had been a duchy since 1525, a kingdom of the Hohenzollern dynasty since 1701 … Continue reading

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Connecting Data and Family Stories

By far the most valuable purpose of the Polish Encyclopaedia of 1923 is the validity it has given to numerous family stories. Family Story • One –at ancestor had five wives. • Another had four wives. Fact/Conclusion “The tendency to … Continue reading

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Conclusions

Final Conclusions By 1923 the Poles and the Jews were increasing to the degree that they comprised nine tenths of the Kingdom while the Germans and the Lithuanians were decreasing. In all the governments except the northern half of Suwalki … Continue reading

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Observations about “The German Population”

The authors of the Polish Encyclopaedia of 1923 observed 1 that the German “colonists” were • A small number of Prussian subjects from neighboring Mazurian districts in the south. • A number of German districts in the center. • A … Continue reading

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