Konigsberg Administrative District

The northern half of the Kӧnigsberg Administrative District is now Kaliningrad Oblast, Russia. The southern half is now in Poland. The Russian-Polish border cuts through the middle of Prussian Eylau and other points east and west.

Kӧnigsberg is about 170 kilometers from Wylkowiszki. The greater distance makes it less likely that people with the Spurgat name from the western part of East Prussia migrated as far east as the Prussian-Russian border, yet the Spurgat name is found in five additional Kreise: the city of Kӧnigsberg, Kreis Fischhausen, Kreis Friedland, Kreis Ortlesberg, and Kreis Prussian Eylau.


Kӧnigsberg was the home of the Teutonic Knights, the first “German” occupiers of these Prussian lands. As the capital city, it was a strategic seaport from the early 15th century, and the cultural, educational, artistic, and political center of East Prussia. The Baltic Sea is northwest.

One Spurgat was listed in the Kӧnigsberg address book in 1888.

  Kreis Fischhausen

After the reorganization of Prussia after the Congress of Vienna in 1815, Kreis Fischhausen was created on February 1, 1818, in the Kӧnigsberg Administrative District. Kreis Fischhausen existed until 1939.

One man named Spurgat from the village of “Roughened” (most likely translated incorrectly) was wounded in April 1916 and died two months later according to a World War I Casualty List. The name of “Roughened” in the Kaliningrad Oblast was not identified, but a village named Rogehnen, four kilometers from Medenau was identified.

Today Rogehnen is known as Logvino in the Kaliningrad Oblast, Russia.

Kreis Friedland

After the Congress of Vienna in 1815, Kreis Friedland became part of the Kingdom of Prussia on February 1, 1818. It retained that name until 1927 when it was renamed Kreis Bartenstein. In 1945 it became part of the Soviet Union.

Two Spurgats were born in Puschkeiten, one before 1825 and the other in 1845, perhaps a father and a son.

Today Puschkeiten is known as Sosnovka. It is located about five kilometers from Domnau which is known as Domnowo. The Lutheran parish is in Stockheim.

The current border between the Kaliningrad Oblast, Russia, and Poland cuts through what was Kreis Friedland.

Kreis Ortlelsburg

Kreis Ortlelsburg is southwest of Kreis Goldap. Spurgats were located here in the 19th and 20th centuries.

Prior to 2010 a descendant of a Spurgat family who had lived in the city of Ortlelsburg contacted Mike Spurgat, another Spurgat researcher.  Spurgats were found in both centuries, certainly suggesting a pattern of family relationships.

The only other location, Schwentainen, east of Ortlelsberg, was the home of one Spurgat who was listed on a World War I Casualty List in July 1915.

Today Ortelsberg is known as Szczynto and is located in the Warminsko-Mazurskie region of northeastern Poland just south of Kaliningrad Oblast.

Kreis Prussian Eylau

Kreis Prussian Eylau is located just west of Kreis Friedland, later Kreis Bartenstein.

Spurgats from 1849 to 1874 were located in Abschwangen, today Tilsano/Kastanova, the  Kaliningrad Oblast, Russia.

The current border between the Kaliningrad Oblast, Russia, and Poland cuts through what was Kreis Prussian Eylau.


About suwalkigermans

I started family research in 1993. My first two books focused on my maternal grandparents. Both families came from Kreis Rosenberg, West Prussia, to Big Rapids, Michigan. I left the Spurgats from Wylkowiszki in the Russian Empire as the third book because of the difficult and challenging research it required. After I published the book in 2010, I wondered what to do next. I thought I might try to share some of my research with others and maybe at the same time, by going digital, someone would find me. When you read the comments, you will see that happened. The best part of all this is helping others.
This entry was posted in Books, East Prussia, Families, history, Microfilm, Names, Records, Research, Resources, Uncategorized. Bookmark the permalink.


  1. PatrickJ says:

    i am from Germany and do Family Research as well. While searching for my maternal ancestors I found this site because of the Hutop Name. First, I didn´t know much more than my great grandmothers name: Emma Hutop, Born 1914 near Danzig (Gdansk). Now I know a Little bit more, her fathers Name was Ludwig Hutop, born 14th August 1887 in Wirballen (Virbalis, Lithuania?) and her mothers Name Auguste Böttcher (27.07.1886 in Reichsfelde, Marienburg). My greatfather told me that he can remember the birth name of Ludwig Hutops mother: (von) Simoneit. I saw this Name as well at your blog, but couldn´t find any relation between our families.
    If you want, contact me under my E-Mail Adress,

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