Konigsberg Administrative District
The northern half of the Kӧnigsberg Administrative District is now Kaliningrad Oblast, Russia. The southern half is now in Poland. The Russian-Polish border cuts through the middle of Prussian Eylau and other points east and west.
Kӧnigsberg is about 170 kilometers from Wylkowiszki. The greater distance makes it less likely that people with the Spurgat name from the western part of East Prussia migrated as far east as the Prussian-Russian border, yet the Spurgat name is found in five additional Kreise: the city of Kӧnigsberg, Kreis Fischhausen, Kreis Friedland, Kreis Ortlesberg, and Kreis Prussian Eylau.
Kӧnigsberg was the home of the Teutonic Knights, the first “German” occupiers of these Prussian lands. As the capital city, it was a strategic seaport from the early 15th century, and the cultural, educational, artistic, and political center of East Prussia. The Baltic Sea is northwest.
One Spurgat was listed in the Kӧnigsberg address book in 1888.
After the reorganization of Prussia after the Congress of Vienna in 1815, Kreis Fischhausen was created on February 1, 1818, in the Kӧnigsberg Administrative District. Kreis Fischhausen existed until 1939.
One man named Spurgat from the village of “Roughened” (most likely translated incorrectly) was wounded in April 1916 and died two months later according to a World War I Casualty List. The name of “Roughened” in the Kaliningrad Oblast was not identified, but a village named Rogehnen, four kilometers from Medenau was identified.
Today Rogehnen is known as Logvino in the Kaliningrad Oblast, Russia.
After the Congress of Vienna in 1815, Kreis Friedland became part of the Kingdom of Prussia on February 1, 1818. It retained that name until 1927 when it was renamed Kreis Bartenstein. In 1945 it became part of the Soviet Union.
Two Spurgats were born in Puschkeiten, one before 1825 and the other in 1845, perhaps a father and a son.
Today Puschkeiten is known as Sosnovka. It is located about five kilometers from Domnau which is known as Domnowo. The Lutheran parish is in Stockheim.
The current border between the Kaliningrad Oblast, Russia, and Poland cuts through what was Kreis Friedland.
Kreis Ortlelsburg is southwest of Kreis Goldap. Spurgats were located here in the 19th and 20th centuries.
Prior to 2010 a descendant of a Spurgat family who had lived in the city of Ortlelsburg contacted Mike Spurgat, another Spurgat researcher. Spurgats were found in both centuries, certainly suggesting a pattern of family relationships.
The only other location, Schwentainen, east of Ortlelsberg, was the home of one Spurgat who was listed on a World War I Casualty List in July 1915.
Today Ortelsberg is known as Szczynto and is located in the Warminsko-Mazurskie region of northeastern Poland just south of Kaliningrad Oblast.
Kreis Prussian Eylau
Kreis Prussian Eylau is located just west of Kreis Friedland, later Kreis Bartenstein.
Spurgats from 1849 to 1874 were located in Abschwangen, today Tilsano/Kastanova, the Kaliningrad Oblast, Russia.
The current border between the Kaliningrad Oblast, Russia, and Poland cuts through what was Kreis Prussian Eylau.