In nine posts in 2015 I wrote summaries of many articles from Landsmen, the publication of the Suwalki- Lomza Interest Group for Jewish Genealogists. http://www.jewishgen.org/SuwalkLomza/Contents.html. Even though this publication is directed towards Jewish subscribers, its contents focus on the geography, history, and records of Suwalki Province so there may be some glimpses for German Lutheran researchers. What follows are three posts of summaries of pertinent articles from 2013, 2014, and 2015 that I thought would be of interest to readers of this blog. Readers are urged to read the complete articles as these brief summaries do not include information of value to all readers. Rather they focus on topics in and around Wylkowiszki and Marijampole, Lithuania. Note that the title on the website and the actual title of the article vary a bit, but I have consistently used the title of the article as printed.
Vol. 23 – Nos. 1-2 Double Issue (2013) Special Section on Augustow District
Throughout the Landsmen publications there have been many articles on “Special Sections.” (An earlier article can be found in Post 6 Vol. 12 – Nos. 3 – 4 (Double Issue) (2002) Special Section on Augustow District, located in what is now southern Lithuania, Poland, and Belarus. See https://suwalkigermans.wordpress.com/2015/05/11/landsmen-2002-to-2004/.)
In 2013 the author explains that “no actual civil records for the town of Augustow exist,” but the Suwalki Archives in Poland have various lists and documents from 1863 to 1907 kept “by former Augustow municipal authorities, primarily for population surveys; and a Book of Residents for Augustow.” The article continues with a review of the General History of this area: The Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (1569-1795); Prussian and French Rule (1795- 1814), the Kingdom of Poland (1814-1918) and the Interwar Period and Forward. This review provides the reader with an understanding of the area that became Suwalki Gubernia in 1866.
The article also includes The Bialystok Department Population Data 1799-1800 Prussian Inventory for the Augustow District. (In Post 5 Vol. 12 – Nos. 1 – 2 (Double Issue) (2002) The 1800 Prussian Inventory for Suwalk-Lomza Towns, with Historical Background, Data Extracts, and Analysis of the Data, the data for Wylkowiszki and Marijampol was shown.) https://suwalkigermans.wordpress.com/2015/05/05/landsmen-2002/
Town Name County Name # of Farm People # of Jews Total Population % Jews Artisans Merchants Town Owner Military People
Also discussed in the article are the Polish Uprisings of 1861-1864, including smuggling through “the little neck” the narrow areas between Suwalki and Lomza, where only 20 kilometers separated the Prussian and Russian borders.
The final part of the article “Emigration” explores the destinations — United States, France, and the Nordic Countries–of those from the Augustow District. “With its proximity to East Prussia they crossed that border easily for subsequent transport to Hamburg.” Perhaps emigrants of other ethnicities and religions from this area also went to these places.
Two maps also appear in this issue: A colorful map of the Augustow District from the Powiat maps of Suwalki Gubernia from the 1907 Atlas published by J M Bazewicz in Warsaw.
On the back cover of this issue is an 1850s map of Suwalki Province (1850s) titled Smuggler’s Paradise showing the “little neck” that connects it to the Lomza Province.
Vol. 23 – Nos. 1-2 Double Issue (2013) PSA Marriage Records for Suwalki: 1887-1888; and 1891-1892
The following article focuses on Jewish records that have not been microfilmed by the Mormons.
Information about the groom is listed first: Year, Event, Surname, Name, Age, Father, Patronymic, Mother, Mother’s Patronymic, Born in, and Living in.