Vol. 8 – Nos. 3 – 4 Double Issue (1998) Statistics for Suwalki Gubernia: from the 1897 Russian Census
This is an interesting article on available statistics from the 1897 census in lieu of the actual missing population lists. A few highlights follow:
Suwalki gubernia had 582,913 inhabitants. Suwalki and Augustow were the two largest towns. None of the other 8 towns (names not listed) had over 10,000 people.
Population density was 53.85 inhabitants per verst, high in comparison with the rest of the empire.
From 1889 to 1894 the gubernia had 2,000 emigrants each year, the highest number of any gubernia.
Germans composed 5% of the population in the towns. Jews were 40.01 %, Lithuanians, 9%, Poles 25%, and Russians less than 20%.
The largest number of Jews was in the Marijampole district with much fewer in Wolkowiszki.
When reporting religious faith, Protestants were not reported. When reporting believers by language, Poles and Lithuanians were reported as being less than 4 %. Germans and Lutherans were not reported in this article which concentrated on Jewish data.
Vol. 9 – Nos. 2 – 3 Double Issue (June 1999) 1897 and 1921 Jewish Population Data for Suwalk-Lomza
Even though the emphasis is on population data for Jewish residents, the total population data in 1897 for the 25 towns of Suwalki Gubernia totaled 101,814 and the villages 481,100.
Vol. 10 – Nos. 3 – 4 Double Issue (2000) Extracts from Files of the Suwalki Gubernia Central Government: Part II.
A brief history of the various central governments that included Suwalki Province as part of their jurisdiction is presented by the head archivist of the Lithuanian State Historical Archives. The Augustow Gubernia existed from 1837 to 1866. The Suwalki Gubernia with its powiats and gminas existed from 1867 to 1918. Each governmental office kept records “closely tied to the interests that prompted its creation.” Much of this information is of limited genealogical value.
Report 19: People could ask that their names be recorded in Resident books. Report 20: Data on Movements of People include residence permits (passports) and “Legitimization official papers” (border passes). If their name appeared in a Resident book, those who lived 21 versts from the Prussian border could get a legal paper for either 21 or 28 days to enter Prussia for “treatment.” Report 21: Some records covered people who were living abroad and were noted as “explanation of absence without right” or “called to come back” (but did not). In another group of files, merchant societies and taxpayers were listed. None of these had “more than minimal genealogical value.”
Vol. 12 – Nos. 1 – 2 (Double Issue) (2002) Special Section: “Out of the Mist-Suwalk Lomza In Its Early Years” (Part I)
Like all researchers in this area, readers of Landsmen are faced with the fact that LDS microfilms take many researchers back to circa 1808 to 1822. After that, most researchers face the same brick wall. This Editorial Forward introduces three helpful articles. The first is below. The second focuses a very specific topic: on the lack of Jews in the city of Suwalki in 1799-1800. The third article was an analysis of Jewish censuses in towns in 1765 and 1784.
A map from the Encyclopedia Judacia of the Polish Partitions in 1772, 1793, and 1795 very clearly shows the Austrian, Prussian, and Russian territory.