The following information about various smaller “settlements” in the administrative district of Wylkowiszki describes the villages (written with their Polish spelling) listed in the civil records (See Chapter 4.) associated with my families. The reader will notice the relatively small number of houses and yet the large number of residents living in those houses. Most of the villages described are part of the parish of Wylkowiszki. In posts of October, November, and December 2013 you can read about the experiences of visiting these villages in July 2013.
Manor: A large manorial farmstead.
Morgs: (Polish) a unit of land measurement: 1 m = 1 morg = 1.388 acres. This term was used to tell the unit of measurement of a piece of land, such as in a manor or in an administrative sub district.
Versts: (Polish) a unit of measurement: 1 verst = 1066.7805 meters. This term was used to explain the distance from one place to another, usually the distance from Wylkowiszki.
Administrative sub district: Usually included several villages, or a combination of villages and smaller settlements; it could also consist of a single large estate or a town. In 1881 the Wylkowiszki manor had 15,625 morgs of land. There were 4,090 inhabitants: 433 Protestants and 179 Jews. (1) The community (township) court district was in Wylkowiszki as was the parish, a railway station, and a post office. The Wylkowiszki administrative subdivision consisted of 36 villages including Garszwinie, Gudele, Korale, Romaniszki, and Wylkowiszki. (2)
• Village or manor where Johann Spurgat and his parents lived.
• Village or manor where Anna Ber and her parents lived.
• Home of Johann Spurgat and Anna Ber family from 1865 to 1881.
• Birthplace of Adolf Spurgat (1870) and Josof Spurgat (1877).
• Birthplace of three other Spurgat brothers and half-brothers: Johann Wilhelm (1867), August (1875), and Matthias (1881; died 1884).
• Paulina Spurgat was born on the Pracopole manor in 1878, part of the landed property of Dydwiże.
Dydwiże was a village and a manor and part of the administrative subdistrict of Zielonka (not Wylkowiszki). It was a very neat, well-managed manor. The landed property of Dydwiże consisted of the Dydwiże manor, the Pracopol manor, Dydwiże village, Lujsze and Pracopol. In 1868, the landed property was 1,139 morgs. The Dydwiże manor was 691 morgs; the Pracopol manor was 448 morgs; in 1881 the Dydwiże village had 6 houses and 11 morgs of land; the Lujsze village had 11 houses and 23 morgs of land; the Pracopol village had 6 houses and 5 morgs of land. (3)
• Birthplace of Frydryk Spurgat in 1849, and Ludwik Spurgat in 1852/53, (See Appendices C and E.) the first two recorded Spurgat records.
Korale was a manor and an administrative subdistrict. It was situated eight versts from Wylkowiszki and was known for its brewery. In 1881 there were six houses and 60 inhabitants. (4)
• Home of the Mathäus Spurgat family from circa 1863 to circa 1867.
Garszwinie was a village in an administrative subdivision of Wylkowiszki. In 1827 there were 11 houses, 101 inhabitants. In 1881 there were nine houses and 94 inhabitants. (5)
• Location of the birth record of Wilhelm Gustave Spurgat in 1875.
Olwita was a village and manorial farmstead on the road from Wylkowiszki to Wierzbolowo. In 1827 there were 30 houses and 283 inhabitants. In 1868 the manorial grounds consisted of farmland, gardens, meadows, undergrowth, and unused land. (6) One of the rural districts or townships of Olwita was Purwiniszki where Wilhelm Gustave Spurgat was born. Purwiniszki was listed as one the rural districts or townships on the last page of the register where Wilhelm’s birth was recorded. (7)
• Home of the Mathäus Spurgat family circa 1882 to circa 1884.
Zielonka was an administrative sub-district in the Administrative District of Wylkowiszki. Author’s Note: Dydwiże, where the Johann, Adolf, and Josof Spurgat family lived, was also part of the sub-district of Zielonka. (See above.)
(1) Slownik Geograficzny Krolestwa Polskiego, 94-96.
(2) Slownik Geograficzny Krolestwa Polskiego, 94-96.
(3) Slownik Geograficzny Krolestwa Polskiego, 243.
(4) Slownik Geograficzny Krolestwa Polskiego, 391.
(5) Slownik Geograficzny Krolestwa Polskiego, 496.
(6) Slownik Geograficzny Krolestwa Polskiego,, 519-520.
(7) List of rural district/townships, Evangelical Lutheran Church, Verzhbolov (Vil’kovishki district): microfilm no. 2007694, (after 1875-1879 births) page 187, Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah.