The next series of twelve posts will focus on some of the towns, villages, and manors, in the Wylkowiszki Administrative District. The content is from the research I did on my three families and those that married into them. Sources are provided if readers would like to investigate their own villages for similar information. This is a popular map of the Wylkowiszki Administrative District.
The Wylkowiszki Administrative District: Towns, Villages, and Manors
The Administrative District of Wylkowiszki in the Suwalki Gubernia was in the Kingdom of Poland as a protectorate of the Russian Empire. The next series of posts provides a description of this administrative district, the larger town of Wylkowiszki, and the villages, manors, and sub-administrative districts with which some families were associated. Today this area is in southwestern Lithuania.
Author’s Note: Because of the ethnic and linguistic variations of the sources used (i. e. German maps, Polish gazetteers, Lithuanian encyclopedias, etc.), the reader may note different spellings of various locations (for example, Maryampol, Kalwary, Statapole, Suwalki, Wladyslawowski, etc.)
Introduction to the Administrative District of Wylkowiszki
The Wylkowiszki Administrative District which functioned under the Suwalki Gubernia within the Russian Empire extended 1120.9 square versts (1275.6 square km = 743 square miles). Its western border was adjacent to Kreis (County) Stallöpenen in East Prussia. Its northern border was adjacent to the Wladyslawowo district. To the east were the Mariampol and Kalwaryjski administrative districts. (1)
In the southern part of the administrative district of Wylkowiszki was a lake, Wisztyniec, 170 meters above sea level. The southwest part of the district was the only wooded region. Toward the northwest this area changed into a plain. (2)
The people were primarily farmers. Their main crops were rye, oats, barley, and potatoes. Industry was not very well developed. In 1878 there were fourteen factories which employed 86 workers including seven alcohol distilleries, three breweries, and an iron foundry. (3)
The people were mostly Lithuanian with some Germans and Jews. In 1867 there were 62,400 inhabitants; by 1890 there were 85,567 permanent residents. Among them were 207 Orthodox, 12,339 Protestants, 13,567 Jews, and seven Mohammendans. There were 8,329 people living in towns and 66,770 in villages. There were 35,587 men and 39,512 women. Within the towns, Wylkowiszki and Wierzbolow, there were 75% Jews, 20% Catholics, and 5% Protestants. In the village communities there were 16.4% Protestants, defined as German settlers, and 5.4 % Jews. (4)
There were no high schools, only elementary schools.
(1) Slownik Geograficzny Krolestwa Polskiego [Geographical Dictionary of Polish Kingdom and Other Slavonic Countries] (No publisher: Warsaw, Poland, 1877), 94-96.
(2) Slownik Geograficzny Krolestwa Polskiego, 94-96.
(3) Slownik Geograficzny Krolestwa Polskiego, 94-96.
(4) Slownik Geograficzny Krolestwa Polskiego, 94-96.