XVII. List of Scottish Settlers in Konigsberg (Queenisberg), Memel and Tilsit.
I Konigsberg (1700-1740). 46 men
Entries for Memel contain dates from 1616 to 1740.
2 Memel. (XVIIth and XVIIIth Centuries.) 26 men
Entries for Tilsit and District contain dates from 1667 to 1695 and occupations for some entries.
3 Tilsit and District. 41 men, women,& children
In Angerburg, East Prussia, south of Konigsberg 1 man
In Johannisburg on the Russian frontier S. of Konigsberg)4 men
In Schippenbeil (Eastern Prussia S. of Konigsberg) 1man
In Neukirch 1 man
In Wischwill 1 man
In Heydekrug (north of Tilsit) 2 men
In Welunen (Willuhnen) 1 man
In Lyck (Eastern Prussia, on the Russian frontier) 28 men, women, & children
In Goldap* 2 men
In Oletzko* 26 men, women & children
In Stalluponen** 1 man
In Insterburg** 17 men and women
*Goldap on the Russian frontier, east of Konigsburg; Oletzko, south of it.
**Stallopenen and Insterburg, east of Konigsberg
Of particular interest was matching the locations in the Scottish list with “German” locations where I had found about twenty people with my /–at/ family name in online and other resources. When I put the two lists together, I found that people with my /–at/ family name had resided near Wischwill, a village in Kreis Ragnit, directly south of Kreis Tilsit where one Scotsman was listed between 1667 and 1695 and that all the others, except one, (Schippenbeil) were in the neighboring kreise in the Gumbinnen Administrative District.
The German language genealogical journals, known as Altpreusssische Gerschlecterkunde, volume 18, page 307, lists Anna Spurgaitis (i. e. Spurgat. –atis is the Lithuanian spelling of the name. –at is the truncated German spelling.) in nearby Springen, (Kreis Gumbinnen, today Tamanskoe, Kaliningrad Oblast, Russia) in 1744, the earliest listing of the Spurgat name located at the time a shorter version of this article was published in the Winter 2013 issue of the Germanic Genealogy Journal.
The Scots in Germany is a distinguished publication compiled by a scholar over 100 years ago from original sources. The fact that it is available online is remarkable. Certainly it contains enough evidence to reinforce the DNA and KB’s suggestion that at the 67 marker deep ancestral level, the his family and the Spurgats share a Scottish ancestor born 200 to 500 years ago.
Since the 17th century was the great century of Scottish emigration to Germany, and the lists above date these Scottish inhabitants of north east Prussia to the late 1600s, the information suggests that a union between a Spurgat and a Scot took place in the 17th or 18th century, 100 to 150 years before Spurgat records start in Suwalki Province.
A DNA analysis, online, and other German research raised more questions than it answered. Does the Y-DNA test result mean that a Scotsman, named Spurgat or something like that, went to East Prussia, had a child by a Prussian woman and gave that surname to the son, who then passed it down…? Or, more likely, is Spurgat a Prussian/Lithuanian name that was that woman’s name (or some later woman’s name) and she gave it to her son, perhaps because of illegitimacy, etc.? We may never know the exact time that the Scottish DNA became a part of the Spurgat line. We now do know, however, with very reliable scientific determination that it is there.