When the book was published in 1964, the land that had been East Prussia became part of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) in 1945 and remains in the Kaliningrad Oblast, Russia, today. In the upper left in Memel names with the /–at/ endings were prevalent as well as in Heydekrug and Tilsit. Records of other –at families were found in Goldap, East Prussia.The German spellings of places like Wilkowischken, Mariampol, and Pilwischken are noticeable.
Map Key 1
The oldest German bourgeoisie (middle class) (14th-15th century)
German settlements on aristocratic estates (16th century)
The Prussian rule Tauroggen
Principal places of German settlements (18 and 19 centuries)
German industrial settlements
German rural craft (Guilds) and single farmers
Main spread are of rural German settlements
Sub-office of the Hanse (a great German trade organization)
Borders of the Lithuanian state (on 1 July 1940)
(Large scale land-holding and farming only suggested)
1 Jaekel, Bilder aus der Geschichte des evangelischen Deutschtums in Litauen, opposite the title page.